Murder by proxy (simplified as proxy murder) is a type of murder in which the murderer commits the act under the orders of another, acting as his or her proxy (hence the name).
There are two common scenarios for proxy murders, though there are several others possible:
- A person takes a contract out on another person. A hitman murders the target in exchange for a sum of money as a reward.
- A person manipulates a lover into murdering someone for him or her. The classic example of this would be Charles Manson, who sent his "family" to commit a string of murders.
There has been a legal vagueness concerning whether a person instigating a proxy murder is guilty of the crime of murder. This distinction varies greatly by nation (and within the United States, by state). However, all jurisdictions worldwide recognize the criminal nature of the actions taken by the instigator. If they are not charged with murder itself, they may be charged under at least one out of a variety of other statutes, including conspiracy to commit murder and/or accessory to murder.
Proxy murders may skew crime statistics, since the use of a proxy may conceal the true motives of the person.
On Beyond BordersEdit
Proxy killers investigated by the IRT in Beyond Borders:
- Season One
- Hasina ("Harvested") would have hospital employees under the payroll of her organ trafficking ring harvest the organs of patients they allowed to die and loan them to her, so she could sell them to wealthy buyers.
- Marion Codwell and Abu Hakim Al Badi ("The Matchmaker") lured teenage girls and brainwashed them to commit a suicide bombing against their real target.
- Season Two
- Dominico Scarpa ("Il Mostro"), the in-show perpetrator of the real-life Monster of Florence killings, instructed his son Onario Alighieri to commit a series of copycat Monster murders.
- Rosa Fernandez ("The Devil's Breath") drugged tourists with scopolamine through the street children she took care of, and then forced these tourists to commit suicide.